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CBD vs THC

CBD vs THC

With product lines in the cannabis and hemp market constantly expanding, many novices to the industry can quickly become overwhelmed. A good delineation point to start with is the difference between CBD products, which are derived from hemp, and THC rich products that come from cannabis plants.

What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, (THC,) is the cannabinoid most often associated with medical marijuana. THC elicits the psychotropic (“high”) effect in users. The therapeutic potential of THC is significant and expansive. The compound can act as an anti-inflammatory, anti-nausea, appetite stimulant and sleep aid, among other benefits.

Most individuals find the “high” from THC to be very enjoyable in moderation, but others find the feeling to be slightly to very unpleasant. With that said, medical marijuana still offers significant medical benefits to people who want to avoid the “high” feeling. After all, THC is just one of many cannabinoids. Evidence suggests that use of the cannabinoid CBD can elicit many of the therapeutic benefits of medical marijuana without having the euphoric or dysphoric effects.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as “CBD,” is the major non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant, and it has the potential to aid in a range of medicinal scenarios as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, and antiemetic agent, and that’s barely scratching the surface.

Although THC does have certain benefits that cannot be achieved through CBD use alone, studies have shown that a combination of high CBD with lower THC levels result in the medicinal benefits of both, without any noticeable psychotropic effects from THC. So, for those who are interested in the benefits of medical marijuana but are wary of feeling the “high” associated with THC, you can be assured that there are medical marijuana products available to meet their needs.

What are the Medical Benefits of THC and CBD?

THC and CBD each have many medical applications and therapeutic uses. THC is often used for its euphoric, relaxing, and pain-relieving effects, while CBD is effective in treating anxiety, epilepsy, and in some cases even psychosis. Here are just a few of the most common uses of these two cannabinoids.

Common uses for THC:

  • Relaxation
  • Sleep aid
  • Appetite stimulant
  • Pain management

Common uses for CBD:

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Neuroprotective
  • Anticonvulsant
  • Pain management
  • Anti-inflammatory

CBD Tends to be Used More Than THC for Medical Treatments

THC is classified as an illegal drug with considerable immediate and long-term cognitive side effects, including impaired thinking and reasoning, reduced ability to plan and organize, altered decision-making, and reduced control over impulses. In addition, chronic use of THC can be associated with significant abnormalities in the heart and brain.

CBD lacks the euphoric cognitive effects of THC. In fact, CBD counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC, both in plant form and when administered from extract. Cannabis plants containing small amounts of CBD and high levels of THC result in a stronger “stoned” feeling, while plants with more CBD and less THC create a weaker “buzz.” Given the increasing popularity of medical marijuana, breeders are currently creating strains with higher CBD to THC ratios to minimize the psychoactive side effects.

Overall, the lower health risks of CBD in combination with its lack of euphoria make it an ideal candidate for patients worried about feeling high. However, in combination with low doses of THC, CBD can deliver even greater medical benefits.

 

 

 

 

2020-10-14T13:36:45+00:00September 29th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

3 Big Takeaways To Consider Before Getting into Hemp

At Cedar Valley Farms, we didn’t jump into the hemp farm game without a solid plan. We saw the mistakes many made in 2019, and we set out to not only avoid them, but make the process more efficient for everyone. Here are 3 big takeaways from our process that we urge anyone looking at getting into hemp farming to take into consideration.

Can I make money from growing hemp?

The short answer is yes, however, profitability requires good support and planning. The wealth of industry knowledge about planting, fertility, and harvest that farmers who grow commodities are used to isn’t available for hemp yet. At Cedar Valley, we have a solid farming history with generations of experience growing standard agricultural commodities. Before we got started with hemp, we knew we would need to do more research.

We started by looking at how the market chain between farmers and their paychecks was impacted by a lack of foresight in 2019. We set out to learn about the retailers and their products. We took many steps back from the actual process of just growing hemp to look at formulations, extraction, and more. It’s important to try and get that market chain developed before you jump into a hemp grow if you plan on coming out of the endeavor with a positive ROI.

Don’t bite off more than you can chew

Starting small is never a bad idea. Here are few steps we took to try and make sure we didn’t get in over our heads at Cedar Valley:

  • Test plots may be a good way to limit your risk while learning how the crop handles conditions on your farm. This is one of the reasons we decided to work on indoor and outdoor grows.
  • Because hemp seed doesn’t have a seed coat, germination in the field can be a challenge.
  • Cross pollination can cause quality problems. To protect your crop, plant hemp inside a buffer zone to keep it away from hemp that may be growing wild in ditches or neighboring property.

With proper management, hemp can be very productive on a small amount of land. If done right, the potential to make more money on 1 acre than 100 is absolutely tangible.

Make sure you are getting quality hemp seed

Not all hemp seed on the market is quality. People with no agriculture background are jumping into the seed business because there’s quick money to be made from farmers who haven’t done their homework. A lot of people are peddling seed because it’s valuable right now.

If you’re growing for CBD quality, feminized seed is important. You don’t want to buy cheap, regular seed with a bunch of males or you’re going to cut your crop in half before you ever get started.

Find genetics with references. Talk to another farmer growing at the same latitude in similar environmental conditions who has experience with the seed. A good hemp genetics company will know how big their variety gets, what resilient characteristics it has, and what end uses it’s best suited for.

Lastly, collect data! Throughout the growing season keep good records so you can improve your seed selection and decision making for the next year.

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:28:13+00:00September 24th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

The Future of Smokable Hemp

GNO nug

It seems smokable hemp is one of the fastest-growing segments in the hemp and CBD industry. Many market analysts agree with projections that smokable hemp production will more than triple its current footprint by 2025.

Research shows that demand for hemp-derived CBD continues to grow, even though forecasts have fluctuated based on economic factors – including unaccounted setbacks caused by the pandemic and a lack of federal regulatory clarity around CBD.

What’s more, demand for hemp-derived CBD increased during the pandemic, with many keeping an eye on this market believing pandemic-induced anxiety and other conditions had helped to drive sales.

Smokable-hemp products are said to offer faster delivery of the effects of hemp-CBD for consumers. Because of this, smokable-hemp-CBD products represent a significant share of the overall hemp-CBD market. They also have a similar look and smell to other cannabis products, which brings its own controversial issues to the market. With no federal regulation and a patchwork of state laws, there are also no standard recommendations for retail, packaging and labeling.

All that to say, this new market it not for the faint of heart. Cedar Valley knows this, and we aren’t taking the ambiguity of what’s to come for the future of smokable hemp lightly. We’re also excited to bring what we feel is some of the best smokable hemp flower into the 2020 / 2021 market. By keeping our collective eyes and ears open, we are determined to ensure this industry keeps a forward trajectory as we help guide it into the future as a staple in American agribusiness.

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:30:57+00:00September 23rd, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

2020 Hemp Harvest Tips

With promises they could make exponentially more an acre than with hemp when compared to traditional crops, many farmers looking for an alternative to low crop prices blindly rushed into planting and growing hemp in 2019.

But the farmers sometimes did not anticipate the incredible investment and costs of harvesting…and what all that entails, including drying and processing their hemp to get it ready for this new market.

As we gear up for harvest season at Cedar Valley, we thought we would share a few basic principles that we abide by.

Harvesting is hard work – and expensive

Harvesting hemp requires a completely different approach to most other agribusiness commodities, even for farmers with years of know-how with other crops.

Hard lessons were learned by many in 2019 including:

  • The higher cost of crop production inputs – including seed or clones, labor and equipment – the cost of harvesting, drying and processing a hemp crop is often where farmers can end up coming up short, especially if they don’t have a plan.
  • Cutting the crop down and drying it in the field like hay for several days effects the CBD content and ultimately can reduce the value of your yield. The plants can also blow away in the wind.
  • Wet baling can cause mold and fermentation, potentially running the crop completely.
  • All of this becomes even more complicated when ambiguous, federal regulations are factored into the timing of your harvest.

Quality over quantity

Not everyone is going to grow good flower, so it’s important for farmers to know the difference between a crop that has the potential to fetch higher prices as smokable flower and when to sell for extract.

At Cedar Valley we anticipate an influx of high-quality, smokable hemp to hit the market this year. If your crop doesn’t stand up against competitors of smokable flower in terms of appearance and scent, you’re better off using it as extract. Aesthetics are critical in the smokable flower market. This is our goal at Cedar Valley.

This is where farmers can get in trouble financially. If you come up with a buyer that’s going to give you a good price per finished pound, you’d better have a pound that’s going to stand up to the market median.

If not, you may end up selling your yields for much less than you projected, or even worse be left with a crop no one will buy.

Implement strategies for postharvest

Crop quality can quickly deteriorate without shipping and handling strategies that include good airflow to prevent composting and fermentation, which starts immediately postharvest. This is why we process immediately into crude oil that has a long-term shelf life.

Even the weight of the wet crop will no doubt crush flower meant for the smokable market. And that wet material that will immediately begin to degrade. We will separate the smokable from the biomass to prevent this from happening.

Transporting hemp from the field to the drying or processing facility should provide as much airflow as possible. Packing hemp flower in shallow bins is a good strategy. Give your hemp room to breathe.

Our aim at Cedar Valley Farms is to utilize technology in order to help take the guess work out of this new agricultural commodity. “Cedar Valley will truthfully pave the way for this new industry”. notes Greg Averill, CVF’s Director of Cultivation Technology. “We want everyone to benefit from the myriad of ways that hemp can change the face of farming. We wish everyone a fruitful and worry-free 2020 harvest and look forward to seeing what 2021 will bring.”

 

 

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:47:39+00:00September 16th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Tips for Growing Hemp in a Greenhouse

 

Hemp is largely a field crop when grown for oil or fiber, but those who wish to turn out high-quality, smokable hemp flower will find producing in a greenhouse environment ideal.

Still, growing in a greenhouse can present some challenges with this complex crop. Growers used to producing cannabis in a warehouse environment may struggle in the greenhouse at first, and vice versa.

It’s the difference between plant support, which the greenhouse offers, versus full environmental control, which warehouse grows and vertical farming offer.

 

Here are a few tips we recommend keeping in mind when growing hemp in a greenhouse environment:

  • Start small and simple. Hemp isn’t just a weed that can be planted and then forgotten about. This plant had caught many industrious farmers off hand with its finicky nature. Our current greenhouse grow is 1,500 square feet. Once we get a proper idea of what we are dealing with post-harvest on these plants, we plan on significantly building out our greenhouse operations for the next growing season.
  • Adequate spacing and airflow are key to growing hemp in the greenhouse. Make sure plants have plenty of space, and they should be constantly moving from air current.
  • Perform soil and water tests before setting fertilizer rates to avoid over or under fertilization.
  • Generally, hemp is best suited to loose/well drained soils.
  • Standard commercial greenhouse fertilizer that is water soluble is perfect for hemp.
  • Avoid low-grade fertilizer with high salt content. It can cause stress and plants lock up and stop taking in nutrients.
  • Continuous feeding through drip irrigation lines is the best way to water and fertilize.

Lastly, we are working on ways in which to automate many of these processes. Once these processes have been tested thoroughly, our goal is to be able to share them with other growers and help hemp become an accessible and profitable new agribusiness commodity for everyone.

 

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:50:05+00:00September 11th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Guidelines for Purchasing CBD Oil

CBD Oil

The CBD marketplace is currently swarming with new brands marketing products to curious consumers. This can make it a difficult marketplace for the average consumer to navigate.

Many products are putting ‘CBD oil’ on their label but they may not actually contain any CBD at all.

As a consumer, you must be careful. There are CBD oils out there that may have lesser amounts of CBD, or higher amounts of THC, or synthetically produced cannabinoids while others could contain harmful solvents.

Here are 5 tips to stick to when purchasing CBD oils:

1.Look for credible reviews

The easiest way to find quality CBD oil and avoid the fakes? Read the reviews on trusted websites like Consumer Reports.

2. Verify the product is organic

Some extraction methods use detrimental solvents or substances. Choosing an organic brand is one of the surest ways that you can be certain that your CBD oil or CBD product is free from harmful substances.

Third-party test results can let you know that you aren’t getting harmful pesticides, solvents, or nasty substitutes like synthetic CBD.

3. Transparency is key

Companies that openly disclose their cannabis sourcing and production methods are more credible.

If a company is not offering clear and transparent information regarding where their plant material is sourced from, their extraction and production, then you have cause for suspicion.

4. Research 3rd party information

Third-party lab test results posted on the retailer’s website increases its credibility. Simply lookout for products that have undergone rigorous testing and have the certificate to prove it.

And if retailers make these test results easily accessible and regularly update them, then you know that you are on the right track.

5. Credible retailing and marketing tactics

When you are looking to avoid fake CBD products, don’t just stop at the test results. Pay attention to how the company is promoting its brands. If it seems like the website is an afterthought, it’s likey their product is sub-par

Always look for contact details. If things look suspicious, make sure they are valid by calling them before making a purchase.

 

 

 

 

 

2020-10-13T21:31:37+00:00September 1st, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Industrial Hemp Uses

Industrial hemp is possibly the most versatile plant on earth. As a food source, it offers protein, omegas and dietary fiber in perfect proportions to our nutritional needs. As a food product, hemp seeds have it all. Hemp is naturally gluten free, and thanks to almost a century of prohibition in the U.S., hemp is a non-GMO commodity.

Hemp protein is highly nutritious and easily digested. When hemp seed oil is cold pressed it holds all its natural nutritional value. Hemp seed oil is a perfect balance of Omega 3-6-9, ideally suited for optimal human nutrition. Hemp seed/grain is also an excellent source of digestible fiber and a wide array of minerals and vitamins.

Beyond nutrition, the hemp plant provides strong, durable, and long-lasting fiber compared to alternative sources like cotton or synthetic materials. Its flexible characteristics provide durable clothing, building materials, and an endless number of diverse products.

Hemp is also an exceptional organic insulator. It has applications as a high-quality pressboard material, hempcrete, composite and a plastic substitute product.

Equally important are the agronomic advantages of industrial hemp. The climate zones and soil types of North America provide excellent growing conditions for industrial hemp. It is an environmentally friendly crop with beneficial returns to the soil and atmosphere.

Industrial hemp represents significant value for producers, processors, consumers and the economy in general. It has the potential to become one of the most important crops in the U.S. and Cedar Valley is excited to make that potential accessible to farmers everywhere.

 

 

 

2020-10-13T21:34:03+00:00August 27th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

CBD Use in Seniors

 

Seniors are much more likely to contest with chronic conditions, less restful sleep, more physical injuries, and the decline of their mental health. While CBD still lacks scientific support, large amounts of anecdotal evidence show that CBD can improve people’s quality of life, specifically when taken as an addition to their health regimens.

 

These are three ways in which CBD can help elderly people:

Chronic or infrequent pain

CBD in the form of capsules, oils, topical creams, and water-soluble solutions can treat different kinds of pain. Regardless if the pain is infrequent or chronic, these situations can become debilitating.

CBD has palliative and anti-inflammatory properties, helping people find respite from their injuries while also aiding in the recovery process after surgery or other medical procedures.

Sleep aid

Insomnia can affect individuals from all ages due to a myriad of outside factors including stress, anxiety, pain, or even just bad habits.

Seniors are especially prone to sleeplessness because of hormonal instabilities. A specific problem we all face as we cross the threshold into our 30s is the declining presence of growth hormones. The older you get the less there are. These hormones work in tandem with a person’s sleep cycles. This results in seniors getting less deep sleep which can be detrimental to one’s overall mood and, in turn, start to affect their health.

While CBD’s effect on sleep hasn’t been studied in-depth, studies of the compound have built a case with favorable outcomes when CBD is used to treat stress, anxiety, and PTSD. All of which can undoubtedly be directly associated with poor sleeping habits.

Alternative medicine

There needs to be more medical studies implemented in order to completely comprehend the full spectrum of CBD when used as an alternative medicine, including its possible side effects. Currently, however, there has been no solid body of evidence compiled that points to health issues due to long-term use. Studies have found that the compound can provide relief while also decreasing the amount of prescription and over-the counter medications that seniors rely on, many of which can be damaging to liver and kidney functions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020-10-14T00:11:39+00:00August 25th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Beware of the Middle Man

At Cedar Valley Farms, we’ve encountered our fair share of middlemen.

While it may seem efficient and safe to buy materials from a reseller when you’re unfamiliar with all the facets of the product you need, it can end up costing you in the long run. We found educating ourselves was worth the time and effort.

Resellers often don’t have all the details of the product they are selling. The knowledge they do have tends to be distilled down to an enticing sales pitch. Once they have sold you the product and issues come up – or you have technical questions, a reseller can end up being of no help.  Also, they often are selling competing brands, so the intention on why exactly they are selling you the product can get murky. Our experience with resellers is that they sell what makes them the most money, not what is best for the client.

When something ends up breaking or not working in the manner that was promised, you may end up having to go directly to the manufacturer, rendering the middleman obsolete. Even if the reseller handles replacing the item for you, you are at the mercy of what they have in their inventory and may end up wasting precious time as you wait for them to order it from the manufacturer, then resend it back to you.

At the end of the day, a reseller is charging you to store the product and ship it to you, and in the process significantly marking up what they paid when the purchase was made from the manufacturer. Our advice at Cedar Valley is simple: What looks good from afar is often far from good. Anytime you can go factory direct or direct to manufacturers, you’re better off.

 

 

 

2020-10-14T02:50:03+00:00August 18th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

A Drone Chronicle

Even the most tech-savvy of business people can run into headaches when they attempt to implement technology solutions into their operations, and the team at Cedar Valley is no exception. While our vision to fuse tech and agriculture is what fuels our passion, no one said it was going to be easy.

A perfect example of this came to light when we began the process of employing drones to help automate our growing efforts. After a lot of research and even more discussions, we decided on what we felt like was the right drone for our specific needs, the DJI Phantom 4 Multispectral drone. It’s a phenomenal tool of technology, and it looks like it’s straight out of Star Wars. To say the team was giddy with anticipation while they waited for its arrival is an understatement.

Upon delivery, the team ran into a whole new set of challenges that had not been predicted. This model of drone was so new to the market that the 3rd party sales rep that we were working with was completely unfamiliar with the specifics of the model we had purchased.

This led to a very long road filled with frustrations and miscommunications. There were software problems because we used older models of drones in the past, but the software not being as new as the Phantom 4 made our prior processes and software applications moot. There were connection issues related to the drone’s GPS functionality that no one could seem to resolve…basically we had an incredible piece of cutting-edge technology at our fingertips, but no idea how to utilize it in the way we wanted.

However, the Cedar Valley crew is a tenacious bunch. We don’t back down from a challenge. The team soldiered on and learned how to fly it on their own – without crashing and destroying it. They learned how to use the drone to scan and map our fields of hemp on their own, and ultimately – through a fair share of trial and error – they found the right software for the farm’s needs.

It was a harrowing path, but plenty of insight was gleaned from traversing it. All of which serves the greater purpose of what we are out to accomplish at Cedar Valley Farms; taking the guess work out of technology driven agriculture in the hemp industry. We are tackling issues like this so that future hemp farmers don’t have to.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020-10-14T02:52:01+00:00August 13th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments
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