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So far CVFarms has created 27 blog entries.

Tips for Growing Hemp in a Greenhouse


Hemp is largely a field crop when grown for oil or fiber, but those who wish to turn out high-quality, smokable hemp flower will find producing in a greenhouse environment ideal.

Still, growing in a greenhouse can present some challenges with this complex crop. Growers used to producing cannabis in a warehouse environment may struggle in the greenhouse at first, and vice versa.

It’s the difference between plant support, which the greenhouse offers, versus full environmental control, which warehouse grows and vertical farming offer.


Here are a few tips we recommend keeping in mind when growing hemp in a greenhouse environment:

  • Start small and simple. Hemp isn’t just a weed that can be planted and then forgotten about. This plant had caught many industrious farmers off hand with its finicky nature. Our current greenhouse grow is 1,500 square feet. Once we get a proper idea of what we are dealing with post-harvest on these plants, we plan on significantly building out our greenhouse operations for the next growing season.
  • Adequate spacing and airflow are key to growing hemp in the greenhouse. Make sure plants have plenty of space, and they should be constantly moving from air current.
  • Perform soil and water tests before setting fertilizer rates to avoid over or under fertilization.
  • Generally, hemp is best suited to loose/well drained soils.
  • Standard commercial greenhouse fertilizer that is water soluble is perfect for hemp.
  • Avoid low-grade fertilizer with high salt content. It can cause stress and plants lock up and stop taking in nutrients.
  • Continuous feeding through drip irrigation lines is the best way to water and fertilize.

Lastly, we are working on ways in which to automate many of these processes. Once these processes have been tested thoroughly, our goal is to be able to share them with other growers and help hemp become an accessible and profitable new agribusiness commodity for everyone.





2020-10-13T20:50:05+00:00September 11th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Guidelines for Purchasing CBD Oil


The CBD marketplace is currently swarming with new brands marketing products to curious consumers. This can make it a difficult marketplace for the average consumer to navigate.

Many products are putting ‘CBD oil’ on their label but they may not actually contain any CBD at all.

As a consumer, you must be careful. There are CBD oils out there that may have lesser amounts of CBD, or higher amounts of THC, or synthetically produced cannabinoids while others could contain harmful solvents.

Here are 5 tips to stick to when purchasing CBD oils:

1.Look for credible reviews

The easiest way to find quality CBD oil and avoid the fakes? Read the reviews on trusted websites like Consumer Reports.

2. Verify the product is organic

Some extraction methods use detrimental solvents or substances. Choosing an organic brand is one of the surest ways that you can be certain that your CBD oil or CBD product is free from harmful substances.

Third-party test results can let you know that you aren’t getting harmful pesticides, solvents, or nasty substitutes like synthetic CBD.

3. Transparency is key

Companies that openly disclose their cannabis sourcing and production methods are more credible.

If a company is not offering clear and transparent information regarding where their plant material is sourced from, their extraction and production, then you have cause for suspicion.

4. Research 3rd party information

Third-party lab test results posted on the retailer’s website increases its credibility. Simply lookout for products that have undergone rigorous testing and have the certificate to prove it.

And if retailers make these test results easily accessible and regularly update them, then you know that you are on the right track.

5. Credible retailing and marketing tactics

When you are looking to avoid fake CBD products, don’t just stop at the test results. Pay attention to how the company is promoting its brands. If it seems like the website is an afterthought, it’s likey their product is sub-par

Always look for contact details. If things look suspicious, make sure they are valid by calling them before making a purchase.






2020-10-13T21:31:37+00:00September 1st, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Industrial Hemp Uses

Industrial hemp is possibly the most versatile plant on earth. As a food source, it offers protein, omegas and dietary fiber in perfect proportions to our nutritional needs. As a food product, hemp seeds have it all. Hemp is naturally gluten free, and thanks to almost a century of prohibition in the U.S., hemp is a non-GMO commodity.

Hemp protein is highly nutritious and easily digested. When hemp seed oil is cold pressed it holds all its natural nutritional value. Hemp seed oil is a perfect balance of Omega 3-6-9, ideally suited for optimal human nutrition. Hemp seed/grain is also an excellent source of digestible fiber and a wide array of minerals and vitamins.

Beyond nutrition, the hemp plant provides strong, durable, and long-lasting fiber compared to alternative sources like cotton or synthetic materials. Its flexible characteristics provide durable clothing, building materials, and an endless number of diverse products.

Hemp is also an exceptional organic insulator. It has applications as a high-quality pressboard material, hempcrete, composite and a plastic substitute product.

Equally important are the agronomic advantages of industrial hemp. The climate zones and soil types of North America provide excellent growing conditions for industrial hemp. It is an environmentally friendly crop with beneficial returns to the soil and atmosphere.

Industrial hemp represents significant value for producers, processors, consumers and the economy in general. It has the potential to become one of the most important crops in the U.S. and Cedar Valley is excited to make that potential accessible to farmers everywhere.




2020-10-13T21:34:03+00:00August 27th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

CBD Use in Seniors


Seniors are much more likely to contest with chronic conditions, less restful sleep, more physical injuries, and the decline of their mental health. While CBD still lacks scientific support, large amounts of anecdotal evidence show that CBD can improve people’s quality of life, specifically when taken as an addition to their health regimens.


These are three ways in which CBD can help elderly people:

Chronic or infrequent pain

CBD in the form of capsules, oils, topical creams, and water-soluble solutions can treat different kinds of pain. Regardless if the pain is infrequent or chronic, these situations can become debilitating.

CBD has palliative and anti-inflammatory properties, helping people find respite from their injuries while also aiding in the recovery process after surgery or other medical procedures.

Sleep aid

Insomnia can affect individuals from all ages due to a myriad of outside factors including stress, anxiety, pain, or even just bad habits.

Seniors are especially prone to sleeplessness because of hormonal instabilities. A specific problem we all face as we cross the threshold into our 30s is the declining presence of growth hormones. The older you get the less there are. These hormones work in tandem with a person’s sleep cycles. This results in seniors getting less deep sleep which can be detrimental to one’s overall mood and, in turn, start to affect their health.

While CBD’s effect on sleep hasn’t been studied in-depth, studies of the compound have built a case with favorable outcomes when CBD is used to treat stress, anxiety, and PTSD. All of which can undoubtedly be directly associated with poor sleeping habits.

Alternative medicine

There needs to be more medical studies implemented in order to completely comprehend the full spectrum of CBD when used as an alternative medicine, including its possible side effects. Currently, however, there has been no solid body of evidence compiled that points to health issues due to long-term use. Studies have found that the compound can provide relief while also decreasing the amount of prescription and over-the counter medications that seniors rely on, many of which can be damaging to liver and kidney functions.







2020-10-14T00:11:39+00:00August 25th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Beware of the Middle Man

At Cedar Valley Farms, we’ve encountered our fair share of middlemen.

While it may seem efficient and safe to buy materials from a reseller when you’re unfamiliar with all the facets of the product you need, it can end up costing you in the long run. We found educating ourselves was worth the time and effort.

Resellers often don’t have all the details of the product they are selling. The knowledge they do have tends to be distilled down to an enticing sales pitch. Once they have sold you the product and issues come up – or you have technical questions, a reseller can end up being of no help.  Also, they often are selling competing brands, so the intention on why exactly they are selling you the product can get murky. Our experience with resellers is that they sell what makes them the most money, not what is best for the client.

When something ends up breaking or not working in the manner that was promised, you may end up having to go directly to the manufacturer, rendering the middleman obsolete. Even if the reseller handles replacing the item for you, you are at the mercy of what they have in their inventory and may end up wasting precious time as you wait for them to order it from the manufacturer, then resend it back to you.

At the end of the day, a reseller is charging you to store the product and ship it to you, and in the process significantly marking up what they paid when the purchase was made from the manufacturer. Our advice at Cedar Valley is simple: What looks good from afar is often far from good. Anytime you can go factory direct or direct to manufacturers, you’re better off.




2020-10-14T02:50:03+00:00August 18th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

A Drone Chronicle

Even the most tech-savvy of business people can run into headaches when they attempt to implement technology solutions into their operations, and the team at Cedar Valley is no exception. While our vision to fuse tech and agriculture is what fuels our passion, no one said it was going to be easy.

A perfect example of this came to light when we began the process of employing drones to help automate our growing efforts. After a lot of research and even more discussions, we decided on what we felt like was the right drone for our specific needs, the DJI Phantom 4 Multispectral drone. It’s a phenomenal tool of technology, and it looks like it’s straight out of Star Wars. To say the team was giddy with anticipation while they waited for its arrival is an understatement.

Upon delivery, the team ran into a whole new set of challenges that had not been predicted. This model of drone was so new to the market that the 3rd party sales rep that we were working with was completely unfamiliar with the specifics of the model we had purchased.

This led to a very long road filled with frustrations and miscommunications. There were software problems because we used older models of drones in the past, but the software not being as new as the Phantom 4 made our prior processes and software applications moot. There were connection issues related to the drone’s GPS functionality that no one could seem to resolve…basically we had an incredible piece of cutting-edge technology at our fingertips, but no idea how to utilize it in the way we wanted.

However, the Cedar Valley crew is a tenacious bunch. We don’t back down from a challenge. The team soldiered on and learned how to fly it on their own – without crashing and destroying it. They learned how to use the drone to scan and map our fields of hemp on their own, and ultimately – through a fair share of trial and error – they found the right software for the farm’s needs.

It was a harrowing path, but plenty of insight was gleaned from traversing it. All of which serves the greater purpose of what we are out to accomplish at Cedar Valley Farms; taking the guess work out of technology driven agriculture in the hemp industry. We are tackling issues like this so that future hemp farmers don’t have to.







2020-10-14T02:52:01+00:00August 13th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

When Seeking Out Potential Partners in the Hemp World, Due Diligence is Key


At Cedar Valley, we are always looking for ways to bring efficiency to process. We love partnering with like-minded, technology-driven businesses to collaborate and shape the future of hemp. However, we’ve found due diligence is key when researching potential partners.

On our quest for the best hemp genetics on the market, we encountered businesses that tried to sell us on seeds that would render useless crops because they would never pass the stringent regulations of Ohio’s hemp laws. While other companies tried to sell us on CBG, which after more in-depth questioning, we were able to get sales reps to flat out admit there is no established market for.

That’s why we were grateful to find Trilogene.  It was clear in each of our interactions that we were on the same page when it came to an end goal. Trilogene is committed to raising the bar on genetics, while Cedar Valley wants to raise that bar through the research technology behind those genetics. The folks at Trilogene also believe that farmers come first and deserve the diversity of genetics, crop knowledge, and a level of expertise they would get in any other crop they grow. That is a philosophy that resonates with the Cutter family’s long history as farmers who understand the need for hemp to catch up to other agricultural commodities.

Cedar Valley’s end game, much like Trilogene’s is not profit over people. We want to begin breeding  genetics and become a supplier of the best product for future hemp farmers.







2020-10-14T02:54:02+00:00August 11th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

How Did Hemp Become Illegal?

For almost two centuries, hemp was a common crop known by all Americans for its many industrial purposes. In the 1930’s, new industries such as cotton, plastics, liquor, and timber began to emerge.

Coincidentally, alcohol prohibition was repealed in 1933 – during the middle of The Great Depression. Straight-laced bureaucrats were looking for another target and turned their attention to marijuana, which, at the time, was mostly being used in the Mexican and black communities. Then Harry Anslinger came along, the first director of the newly formed Federal Bureau of Narcotics, now called the DEA, or Drug Enforcement Agency. He and his constituents painted the drug—and the communities using it—as a threat to the already crippled country and began the process of banning it.

Outside of prohibitive legislation, corporate interests had an undeniable influence on the outlawing of hemp. In the 1920s, businessmen like W.R. Hearst were threatened by hemp due to vested interests in the use of wood to produce paper. W.R. Hearst, who was in the newspaper business, owned forest acreage which was used to produce paper. He was so threatened by hemp that he produced menacing stories that framed minorities as immoral perpetuates of cannabis in his newspapers.

Making matters worse, Harry Anslinger, upheld W.R. Hearst’s exaggerated claims about the deleterious nature of the plant. Twenty-nine states had outlawed marijuana by 1931, and in 1937, Anslinger introduced the Marijauna Tax Act to Congress, essentially making the plant illegal in the United States.

After almost a century of misinformation about the plant largely fueled by systematic racism, America finds itself poised to give the plant another shot as a versatile and eco-friendly alternative for many products and industries. With great pride and intention in our work, we here at Cedar Valley are dedicated to dismantling the myths about hemp as we do our part to revive this long-lost American cash crop.


2020-10-13T20:06:09+00:00August 6th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Emerging Trends

At Cedar Valley Farms, we are striving to put technology first when it comes to hemp farming. With the long road of prohibition behind us, we are looking forward to bringing the plant up-to-speed with the rest of agribusiness in 2020. Here are some key trends we are working on in order to ensure that our crops of high-quality hemp find solid footing in this emerging market.

Hemp Manufacturing

Hemp’s versatility will undoubtedly make an impact in the U.S. manufacturing sector. Companies will be seeking out solutions to fulfill the need for hemp’s countless applications and products. Alongside hemp-based cannabinoids, other uses of hemp as biomass will begin to surface in the 2020 market. These products range from animal bedding and feed to building materials, as well as fiber for textiles and paper. Hemp’s versatility may also make it an important substitute for plastic products.

New Cannabinoids

Cannabinol (CBN) and Cannabigerol (CBG) are among other cannabinoids that will find their way into hemp goods in 2020. Regulations for these new-to-market products will need to be to be put into place by the FDA as the governmental entity also begins to frame regulations for CBD. Some brands working to differentiate themselves in this developing retail environment by making health claims may likely find themselves cited for violations.

Hemp Genetics

Hemp prohibition in the U.S. has kept hemp genetics from evolving over the last century. Unfortunately, that now puts our national economy at a competitive disadvantage when it comes to the global hemp market. THC limitations imposed by the federal government only complicate this matter because the North American market does not have abundant high-quality hemp genetics that remain below 0.3% THC through maturity.

These trends and many others will be stitched into the tapestry of a quickly evolving international hemp market. At Cedar Valley we understand there is a need to unite technology with this industry in order light the way for a bright future for all hemp farmers, not only for those who are adequately capitalized. Our goal is to lead hemp farming into its rightful place as America’s newest and most successful agribusiness commodity.







2020-10-14T02:58:32+00:00August 4th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Growing Hemp Indoor vs Outdoor

Greenhouse Growing
As our Director of Cultivation, Greg Averill would tell you, greenhouse-grown hemp renders the most flavorful and aromatic final product. Protected from the damaging UV rays of the sun, these harvests still receive much needed natural warmth and light in a protected setting. Inside our state of the art greenhouses, Greg can optimize humidity, temperature, and light to produce superior hemp.

At Cedar Valley Farms, we are leveraging greenhouse growing to bring the best, high-quality smokable hemp to market, but there are some smaller operations and even private individuals who opt for this specific method. For the most part, it’s the people who are invested in quality that choose to grow in greenhouses because of the supreme product that is produced.

Pros of Greenhouse Growing

  • Premium hemp quality unsurpassed by other growing methods
  • Opportunity to fine-tune every aspect of the growing process
  • Protected environment reduces the risk of damages from mold and mildew
  • Limited exposure to pests and other potentially detrimental threats
  • Shielded from harmful UV rays that tend to dampen the quality of hemp

Cons of Greenhouse Growing

  • Overhead expense if you’re growing large quantities of hemp
  • Not exempt from the difficulties of changing seasons and weather
  • Takes just as much effort as growing hemp outdoors

Outdoor Growing
Although slightly more challenging than growing indoors, growing outdoors can be a beneficial place to cultivate your plants if you’re looking for quantity over quality. At Cedar Valley, all of our outdoor crops will be rendered into crude oil for optimal storage until it is purchased. With minimal need for added expenses like artificial light, tarps, and fans, outdoor hemp doesn’t require much more than soil and sun to get started.

However, there’s no such thing as the perfect growing condition…even in the heartland of Ohio. Outdoor plants can be far more prone to pests and contaminants, which may make them more laborious to care for. At the same time, there’s no guarantee the weather will work in your favor. In most instance, you’ll only be able to grow hemp outdoors during certain seasons.

Cedar Valley’s efforts in both indoor and outdoor growing are founded in technology. We are working to make both options for growing hemp efficient and accessible for everyone because we truly believe that hemp will change the landscape of agribusiness.


2020-10-14T03:00:22+00:00July 30th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments
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