CVFarms

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So far CVFarms has created 27 blog entries.

Hemp from the Heartland

Currently, out in the great state of Ohio, the Cutter family (pictured left ) and a few Cedar Valley staff members are tying up loose ends from the farm’s first hemp harvest. It’s been a lot of work – over 50K plants total came off the field and out of the greenhouse – but also an incredible experience. We have found that both our outdoor and greenhouse crops provided great perspective and knowledge that will be beneficial when we head into our next grow season.

However, before we get wrapped up in the details of our second grow, we need to offload this season’s final yields. In anticipation of this undertaking, we started developing a wide-ranging line of hemp products before our first plants were in the ground, and we are equal parts excited and nervous to finally be able to share the fruits of our labor with the world.

One of the projects is a line of smokable hemp flower we grew in our greenhouse. This batch of around 1,500 plants were our pride and joy this season. We partnered with Trilogene for our seed genetics and couldn’t be more pleased with how beautifully they turned out. We used five different strains from their labs including: Purple Cowboy, Sangria S1, Aquawoman, GNO, and Superwoman. They all have their own distinct flavor and scent profiles that are sure to please. We also have plans to develop smokable concentrates out of these strands, so keep an eye out.

Alongside that, we are putting the finishing touches on a CBD brand that will have an array of options for those with a more refined palette. It will feature tinctures, oils, topical cremes, and many other CBD wares. The merchandise produced under this brand will be held to the highest quality standards in the industry for extraction and processing and will be sure to please even the most sophisticated CBD connoisseurs.

We will have offerings for your favorite four-legged friends too! We’re working on everything from CBD oil to help your dog deal with separation anxiety to hemp animal bedding that naturally provides a more hygienic and environmentally friendly alternative to woodchips for your hamster friend.

There’s much more on the way, we are just getting started! Make sure to keep checking back for more announcements to come. Also, stop by the Hemp General Store! Soon you’ll be able to find and order our products there!

 

 

2020-10-23T17:29:49+00:00October 23rd, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Decoding Hemp

The Cedar Valley team has gleaned a wealth of knowledge during our first growing season. From one perspective, hemp can seem like a rather unassuming little weed…but taking a closer look at this ancient and versatile plant reveals a vast assortment of intricacies that modern agriculture is only starting to unravel.

For example, when you start to compare hemp to other, long-standing commercial agricultural commodities such as corn or wheat, variances between the products and how they are farmed become apparent immediately.  Those crops have been bred for generations, and in that time, standards have been developed that mostly guarantee consistent yields.

This is not the case with hemp, which essentially was cast into exile for a century thanks to prohibition. This means farmers across the U.S. are starting at square one when it comes to hemp cultivation.

At Cedar Valley, we decided to start by studying the very basic elements of what makes hemp – or any organic organism – unique: genotypes and phenotypes. Both play a fundamental role in defining what starts as a seed and becomes a product on a shelf, and they are the factors that serve as the baseline for identifying and naming plant strains.

Simply put, genotypes are genetic indicators – inherited traits. Within humans these indicators manifest as traits such as hair color, eye color, height, etc. Genotypes are encoded in a plant’s seeds and determined before the plant even breaks ground on a field or in a greenhouse.

Phenotypes, on the other hand, are created as a plant grows. While a phenotype is influenced by its genotype, phenotype traits are not inherited through genetic coding. Rather, these are traits influenced by environmental factors…and this is where things can get tricky.

For example, on a hemp farm you will typically have different strains in different sections of the field, and those sections can be large with varying environmental characteristics.  One section of a strain could be receiving different environmental elements than another section of the same strain. This will cause different phenotypes that will influence a variety of factors like terpene profile, cannabinoid content and physical appearance.

We recently (and somewhat inadvertently) created a quintessential case study on this subject when we discovered around 10 different phenotypes occurring from one strain of our Purple Cowboy plants. Phenotypes also impacted our harvesting decisions. Due to the regulations involved with THC content in hemp plants, we found ourselves forced to make the unplanned decision to pull some less mature plants in order to keep them from developing levels of THC that would render them unsuitable for the intended market.

To try and get in front of this for next season, we have implemented some strategies. We’ve been running side-by-side comparisons with plants that have come from seed and those that have been cloned from mother plants. These comparisons aided in Cedar Valley choosing to work strictly with clones next season.

The unpredictability that is presented by phenotypes has been all but eradicated in the world of established agribusiness. Common grains or vegetables you consume on a regular basis are derived from seed genetics that were studied and bred with the direct intent to develop a crop that grows efficiently and abundantly; and every day at Cedar Valley we are utilizing technology and science to establish the same standards for the future of hemp genetics.

 

2020-10-21T15:12:12+00:00October 21st, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Ohio State University Tours Cedar Valley Farms

This week out at the farm, we had a couple small groups from Ohio State University stop by for tours. Guests included university faculty and researchers who were curious to know what we’ve been up to.

Our CEO, Shawn Cutter, took time out his busy harvest schedule to share his insight on what this first year of hemp farming has been like. He also showed them around greenhouse and new barn that currently houses tens of thousands of drying hemp plants that have been coming off the fields for processing over the last couple weeks of harvest.

Jacob Hagemeyer, our VP of Business, also hosted a group of guests and answered questions ranging from cultivation protocols to extraction methods.

He noted that there is a lot of crossover with ongoing agriculture research projects at OSU and what’s happening on the farm, specifically with a few of the attendees that specialize in indoor vegetable growing.

“Growing corn and beans outside involves more or less a ‘set-it-and-forget-it’ process for a lot of farmers, where growing vegetables indoors – much like growing hemp in a greenhouse – takes a lot more of a hands on approach. You have to factor in a completely different workflow and there is a greater need for a crew of people to monitor day-to-day activities.”

Overall, it was a great opportunity to share ideas and strategies, as well as find ways in which partnerships could benefit ongoing agricultural studies for both Cedar Valley and OSU.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020-10-15T18:03:52+00:00October 15th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Harvest 2020 – Lessons in Making the Inevitable Invaluable

With our greenhouse harvest behind us, we’ve been busy with the main event: Cedar Valley’s first outdoor harvest. Last week we had a team of 15 to 20 people (including some mighty kind neighbors and friends of the farm) working 12-hour days.  Everyone went above and beyond and we were able to successfully harvest just over 25,000 of our 50,000 outdoor plants.

This week is the home stretch. While last week went well, we are always looking at ways to make things more efficient with hemp farming – and with that in mind – we’ve got some notes to share.

A big lesson we learned so far came from not putting mulch down on the field before we planted. This decision, made in March, ended up causing a string of unexpected events that arose during our harvesting work that could have been detrimental to our final yield.

The original piece of harvesting equipment we planned on using, called a CleanCut, was designed specifically for hemp and cannabis harvesting. It worked great…in the sections of the field where the vegetation around the hemp plants had been mowed. The sections that weren’t mowed proved a bit more problematic. When the hemp plants came up with the CleanCut harvester, so did a lot other vegetation on the ground. This made for an extra step as our crew then needed to sort through what was hemp and what wasn’t before we could bring it into the barn to dry. Hemp begins to biodegrade immediately after it’s cut, so the moisture the plants have from being out on the field must be dealt with as quickly as possible. The longer you wait on drying plants, the bigger the potential for mildew issues.

Luckily, we were able to remedy this by using a sickle-bar mower, also called a reciprocating mower or a bar mower. These pieces of equipment have a long (typically six to seven and a half feet) bar on which are mounted fingers with stationary guard plates. The sickle bar is driven back and forth along the channel cutting the hemp off at the ground level, leaving the rest of the vegetation on the ground and not mixed in with what is needed to get into the barn to be dried.

It was a great lesson in planning ahead. What seemed like a minor, inconsequential decision to not use mulch at the beginning of our growing season, came back at harvest to haunt us. Almost causing a significant threat to our bottom line. Needless to say, we will be adding mulch into our list of “must haves” for our next growing season. We will also be keeping our eyes wide open for any other hiccups that we may encounter as we finish out harvest. Mistakes are inevitable but can also be invaluable tools that improve efficiency.

2020-10-14T04:55:17+00:00October 13th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Big Hempin’ Ain’t Easy

To say we have been busy out at the farm these last few weeks is to put it lightly. Last month, the crew at Cedar Valley began our first hemp harvest. We started with our greenhouse grow, which is where we grew our highest quality hemp that will be used in a line of smokable products.

Thanks to the foresight of Greg Averill, our Director Cultivation, we were solidly prepared. He was able to map out a workflow that prevented any major hiccups. In fact, the team was able to cut, move, and hang 1500 plants in only 2 hours. This is no small feat. The plants are really beautiful, and we are very excited to share them with the world.

While we didn’t have any major issues during this harvest, there were certainly lessons learned. For example, we may have been a little too optimistic on projections about our final yield. Looking forward to next year, we will also be bettered prepared for state testing and how best to incorporate our R&D testing into that. With the private labs we work with, we were accustomed to getting results in a couple of days. The state took a little longer than we expected with end results being a bit of a mixed bag between the two entities.

However, all things considered, we overcame many unsuspected issues -like well water quality changes – so we are calling the greenhouse harvest a win. Above all, we are so thankful for the team we have. They deserve some serious kudos, and a few days of R & R. But that will have to wait until we finish harvesting the 50,000 plants we have out on the field over the next couple of weeks.

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:08:49+00:00October 8th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

Hemp Research

At Cedar Valley Farms, our ultimate goal is to establish hemp as a lucrative agricultural commodity. A key component to accomplishing that goal is utilizing science and technology to drive precision farming methods.

That is why Magdalena Pancerz, Cedar Valley’s Director of Research & Development, is currently working on a soil study out at the farm. Recently she shared a few details about the study and how it plays an important part role in understanding hemp cultivation.

“The biggest challenge in hemp production is to find cultivation practices that will allow high quantity and quality yield while keeping THC within regulation standards. Existing commonly grown agricultural crops have a long, continuous research history. Hemp, being part of the cannabis family, was prohibited for decades, thus there is a huge knowledge gap in understanding the needs of this plant,” Magda wrote in an email.  “What makes the research on hemp even more important is the THC content. It must stay below 0.3% , but it can be triggered by many factors resulting in the production of unacceptable levels of THC. That is an outcome that could end in the loss of an entire crop.”

The history of hemp prohibition in the U.S. essentially eliminated any opportunity to study and develop efficient cultivation practices for the plant.  Magda sites how setback creates a foundation of challenges in modern day agriculture.

“The path leading to sufficient information on hemp growing practices just started. There is a variety of ‘pot lore’ circling between growers currently, and very often it express contradictory observations on the same issue. There are numerous stress factors that can spike THC content in the plant, however, most of the time the increase is caused by a few of them acting simultaneously. That’s why research in controlled greenhouse conditions to monitor environmental factors in order to track all growing practices is necessary. It is the only way to learn how to grow this crop without taking the risk of getting “hot”.

And this is where Magda believes that starting with studying the soil is the crucial. She noted that it is the easiest place to start. Her efforts to untangle such a complicated net of interactions begins with consistent environmental factors and modifying other potential influences, like soil fertilization. This is why she is focused on a comparison between commercially available substrates and fertilizers designated for hemp/cannabis production alongside other grower’s “recipes” for her first cycle of research at Cedar Valley Farms. Her timeline of research covers an entire cycle – from repotting plants and starting greenhouse production to harvest. It will provide information that encompasses all the factors that lead to how the plant reacts during both vegetative and flowering stages.

She notes that the study is important to bringing key insights out of clandestine methods of cultivation and into a new era for hemp, based in practical scientific facts.

“My main assumption is that the plant’s growth, as well quality of the yield, will be significantly affected by the substrate type and fertilizer applied in my research. The results from this trial will crucial to implement as a baseline for further experiments and will determine the direction of even more detailed testing as we move forward.”

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:29:35+00:00October 6th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

CBD vs THC

CBD vs THC

With product lines in the cannabis and hemp market constantly expanding, many novices to the industry can quickly become overwhelmed. A good delineation point to start with is the difference between CBD products, which are derived from hemp, and THC rich products that come from cannabis plants.

What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, (THC,) is the cannabinoid most often associated with medical marijuana. THC elicits the psychotropic (“high”) effect in users. The therapeutic potential of THC is significant and expansive. The compound can act as an anti-inflammatory, anti-nausea, appetite stimulant and sleep aid, among other benefits.

Most individuals find the “high” from THC to be very enjoyable in moderation, but others find the feeling to be slightly to very unpleasant. With that said, medical marijuana still offers significant medical benefits to people who want to avoid the “high” feeling. After all, THC is just one of many cannabinoids. Evidence suggests that use of the cannabinoid CBD can elicit many of the therapeutic benefits of medical marijuana without having the euphoric or dysphoric effects.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as “CBD,” is the major non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant, and it has the potential to aid in a range of medicinal scenarios as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, and antiemetic agent, and that’s barely scratching the surface.

Although THC does have certain benefits that cannot be achieved through CBD use alone, studies have shown that a combination of high CBD with lower THC levels result in the medicinal benefits of both, without any noticeable psychotropic effects from THC. So, for those who are interested in the benefits of medical marijuana but are wary of feeling the “high” associated with THC, you can be assured that there are medical marijuana products available to meet their needs.

What are the Medical Benefits of THC and CBD?

THC and CBD each have many medical applications and therapeutic uses. THC is often used for its euphoric, relaxing, and pain-relieving effects, while CBD is effective in treating anxiety, epilepsy, and in some cases even psychosis. Here are just a few of the most common uses of these two cannabinoids.

Common uses for THC:

  • Relaxation
  • Sleep aid
  • Appetite stimulant
  • Pain management

Common uses for CBD:

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Neuroprotective
  • Anticonvulsant
  • Pain management
  • Anti-inflammatory

CBD Tends to be Used More Than THC for Medical Treatments

THC is classified as an illegal drug with considerable immediate and long-term cognitive side effects, including impaired thinking and reasoning, reduced ability to plan and organize, altered decision-making, and reduced control over impulses. In addition, chronic use of THC can be associated with significant abnormalities in the heart and brain.

CBD lacks the euphoric cognitive effects of THC. In fact, CBD counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC, both in plant form and when administered from extract. Cannabis plants containing small amounts of CBD and high levels of THC result in a stronger “stoned” feeling, while plants with more CBD and less THC create a weaker “buzz.” Given the increasing popularity of medical marijuana, breeders are currently creating strains with higher CBD to THC ratios to minimize the psychoactive side effects.

Overall, the lower health risks of CBD in combination with its lack of euphoria make it an ideal candidate for patients worried about feeling high. However, in combination with low doses of THC, CBD can deliver even greater medical benefits.

 

 

 

 

2020-10-14T13:36:45+00:00September 29th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

3 Big Takeaways To Consider Before Getting into Hemp

At Cedar Valley Farms, we didn’t jump into the hemp farm game without a solid plan. We saw the mistakes many made in 2019, and we set out to not only avoid them, but make the process more efficient for everyone. Here are 3 big takeaways from our process that we urge anyone looking at getting into hemp farming to take into consideration.

Can I make money from growing hemp?

The short answer is yes, however, profitability requires good support and planning. The wealth of industry knowledge about planting, fertility, and harvest that farmers who grow commodities are used to isn’t available for hemp yet. At Cedar Valley, we have a solid farming history with generations of experience growing standard agricultural commodities. Before we got started with hemp, we knew we would need to do more research.

We started by looking at how the market chain between farmers and their paychecks was impacted by a lack of foresight in 2019. We set out to learn about the retailers and their products. We took many steps back from the actual process of just growing hemp to look at formulations, extraction, and more. It’s important to try and get that market chain developed before you jump into a hemp grow if you plan on coming out of the endeavor with a positive ROI.

Don’t bite off more than you can chew

Starting small is never a bad idea. Here are few steps we took to try and make sure we didn’t get in over our heads at Cedar Valley:

  • Test plots may be a good way to limit your risk while learning how the crop handles conditions on your farm. This is one of the reasons we decided to work on indoor and outdoor grows.
  • Because hemp seed doesn’t have a seed coat, germination in the field can be a challenge.
  • Cross pollination can cause quality problems. To protect your crop, plant hemp inside a buffer zone to keep it away from hemp that may be growing wild in ditches or neighboring property.

With proper management, hemp can be very productive on a small amount of land. If done right, the potential to make more money on 1 acre than 100 is absolutely tangible.

Make sure you are getting quality hemp seed

Not all hemp seed on the market is quality. People with no agriculture background are jumping into the seed business because there’s quick money to be made from farmers who haven’t done their homework. A lot of people are peddling seed because it’s valuable right now.

If you’re growing for CBD quality, feminized seed is important. You don’t want to buy cheap, regular seed with a bunch of males or you’re going to cut your crop in half before you ever get started.

Find genetics with references. Talk to another farmer growing at the same latitude in similar environmental conditions who has experience with the seed. A good hemp genetics company will know how big their variety gets, what resilient characteristics it has, and what end uses it’s best suited for.

Lastly, collect data! Throughout the growing season keep good records so you can improve your seed selection and decision making for the next year.

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:28:13+00:00September 24th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

The Future of Smokable Hemp

GNO nug

It seems smokable hemp is one of the fastest-growing segments in the hemp and CBD industry. Many market analysts agree with projections that smokable hemp production will more than triple its current footprint by 2025.

Research shows that demand for hemp-derived CBD continues to grow, even though forecasts have fluctuated based on economic factors – including unaccounted setbacks caused by the pandemic and a lack of federal regulatory clarity around CBD.

What’s more, demand for hemp-derived CBD increased during the pandemic, with many keeping an eye on this market believing pandemic-induced anxiety and other conditions had helped to drive sales.

Smokable-hemp products are said to offer faster delivery of the effects of hemp-CBD for consumers. Because of this, smokable-hemp-CBD products represent a significant share of the overall hemp-CBD market. They also have a similar look and smell to other cannabis products, which brings its own controversial issues to the market. With no federal regulation and a patchwork of state laws, there are also no standard recommendations for retail, packaging and labeling.

All that to say, this new market it not for the faint of heart. Cedar Valley knows this, and we aren’t taking the ambiguity of what’s to come for the future of smokable hemp lightly. We’re also excited to bring what we feel is some of the best smokable hemp flower into the 2020 / 2021 market. By keeping our collective eyes and ears open, we are determined to ensure this industry keeps a forward trajectory as we help guide it into the future as a staple in American agribusiness.

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:30:57+00:00September 23rd, 2020|Blog|0 Comments

2020 Hemp Harvest Tips

With promises they could make exponentially more an acre than with hemp when compared to traditional crops, many farmers looking for an alternative to low crop prices blindly rushed into planting and growing hemp in 2019.

But the farmers sometimes did not anticipate the incredible investment and costs of harvesting…and what all that entails, including drying and processing their hemp to get it ready for this new market.

As we gear up for harvest season at Cedar Valley, we thought we would share a few basic principles that we abide by.

Harvesting is hard work – and expensive

Harvesting hemp requires a completely different approach to most other agribusiness commodities, even for farmers with years of know-how with other crops.

Hard lessons were learned by many in 2019 including:

  • The higher cost of crop production inputs – including seed or clones, labor and equipment – the cost of harvesting, drying and processing a hemp crop is often where farmers can end up coming up short, especially if they don’t have a plan.
  • Cutting the crop down and drying it in the field like hay for several days effects the CBD content and ultimately can reduce the value of your yield. The plants can also blow away in the wind.
  • Wet baling can cause mold and fermentation, potentially running the crop completely.
  • All of this becomes even more complicated when ambiguous, federal regulations are factored into the timing of your harvest.

Quality over quantity

Not everyone is going to grow good flower, so it’s important for farmers to know the difference between a crop that has the potential to fetch higher prices as smokable flower and when to sell for extract.

At Cedar Valley we anticipate an influx of high-quality, smokable hemp to hit the market this year. If your crop doesn’t stand up against competitors of smokable flower in terms of appearance and scent, you’re better off using it as extract. Aesthetics are critical in the smokable flower market. This is our goal at Cedar Valley.

This is where farmers can get in trouble financially. If you come up with a buyer that’s going to give you a good price per finished pound, you’d better have a pound that’s going to stand up to the market median.

If not, you may end up selling your yields for much less than you projected, or even worse be left with a crop no one will buy.

Implement strategies for postharvest

Crop quality can quickly deteriorate without shipping and handling strategies that include good airflow to prevent composting and fermentation, which starts immediately postharvest. This is why we process immediately into crude oil that has a long-term shelf life.

Even the weight of the wet crop will no doubt crush flower meant for the smokable market. And that wet material that will immediately begin to degrade. We will separate the smokable from the biomass to prevent this from happening.

Transporting hemp from the field to the drying or processing facility should provide as much airflow as possible. Packing hemp flower in shallow bins is a good strategy. Give your hemp room to breathe.

Our aim at Cedar Valley Farms is to utilize technology in order to help take the guess work out of this new agricultural commodity. “Cedar Valley will truthfully pave the way for this new industry”. notes Greg Averill, CVF’s Director of Cultivation Technology. “We want everyone to benefit from the myriad of ways that hemp can change the face of farming. We wish everyone a fruitful and worry-free 2020 harvest and look forward to seeing what 2021 will bring.”

 

 

 

 

 

2020-10-13T20:47:39+00:00September 16th, 2020|Blog|0 Comments
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